Sash windows are not only timeless but elegant for any home. In this short article, you will learn everything there is to know about sash windows, including its styles, restoration, history, when to replace and even how to choose the best sash for you. As such, if you are renovating a Victorian, Regency, or Georgian property, then sash windows should be at the top of your shopping list. What Sash Window And How It Works? The term ‘Sash’ simply refers to a single glazed frame. For example, the traditional sash sliding windows features 2 sashes that slide up and down. The windows worked by using counterweights made of either leaden, cast-iron, or steel to balance the sash. The counterweight is hung on a cord which is hidden within a hollow box frame. Insulation may be retrofitted in the pockets, especially in older windows. This traditional design is most common in Victorian and Georgian properties. However, they have also been used in different homes in the late Edwardian and Victorian Houses. Sash Window Styles If you decide to design your home for a certain period of time or simply replace windows in an old property, it is important to get the right period correct. That is because, over the years, there have been many developments and style changes in sash windows. It is important to note that sashes traditionally consist of several small panes. These pieces are held together with glazing bars or astragal bars, which creates a larger glazed area. That is because, at the time, glass advancements did not allow large areas of clear glazing. Should You Replace or Repair Sash Windows? It is not wise to replace or remove the original period timber with new models. As such, you should consider restoring the original and waterproofing existing sashes where possible. The benefits of doing this include: • It makes a house retain its original character and charm • Original timbers often are of better quality than what you can purchase today • Homeowners get the benefit of improved thermal performance. This is because of the double glazing and draught-proofing when glazing is replaced and the box frame retained. The Cost Of Replacing And Restoring Sashes If the original frame is salvageable glazing can be replaced in a sash window. On the other hand, if the frame can be renovated back into good condition, single glazed panels can be upgraded into slim double glazed panels. New sashes can be fitted into existing frames where experts estimate the cost to be about £1,000 per window. The Materials Available For A Sash Window Replacement • Timber Sash Windows If you are living in a conservation area, or simply a traditionalist, then timber sash windows should be your first choice. As a matter of fact, it should be your only choice. In this situation, plastic cannot create the same effects as timber. Timber sash window benefits are: - Excellent insulator - Durable - Last long, if maintained properly • PVCu Sash Windows PVCu is a wood substitute, and often seen in white colour. However, it is available in a wide range of colours and finishes, which includes a photo-effect wood finish. Its benefits are: - Energy-efficient, but cannot be recycled - Need low maintenance • Composite Sash Windows Composite sash windows are increasing in popularity. Latest productions have timber on the interior and exterior includes an aluminium cladding. Its benefits are: - Exterior parts are needs extremely low maintenance - It retains the classic wood look on the inside • Sash Windows Single Glazing Because of modern building regulations, it is near impossible to have a building with only a single glazed window, especially in new buildings. However, it is possible to install a single glazed window when it comes to renovations. • Sash Windows Double Glazing There is a way to effectively recreate fine glazing bars because dividing small units of double glazing with thick bars tend to have a clumsy look. The best way to achieve the best look is by bond mocking bars onto either side of a double glazed unit. You can also include spacers bars between the glass sheets to add to the effects. • Sash Windows Triple Glazed This option is available in traditional styles. However, triple-glazed windows come at a cost (high cost). Even though many say that it no longer carries the cost stigma that it had a few years ago.
While the NHS is already mainly preoccupied with the immediate pressures which include the increasing sick patient numbers that the winter months bring, it becomes difficult to think about making time for the senior managers to give thoughts to the following month, and even less thought to the next 5 years or more. Yet the reality is that they have to. The long-term plans for the NHS in England, which was due for release close to the end part of 2018, was delayed due to the government’s focus and preoccupation with Brexit. The report is expected to be published sometime in January. These plans could indicate what the tone will be for the NHS in England over the next 10 years. The time-frame of having to wonder and wait has been extremely frustrating for both managers and staff, which also includes the campaign groups and health charities, which have been promoting themselves for prime positions in this plan. Postponement of the Green Paper or consultation document involving social care across England had given the fuel to further criticism across a few quarters when it comes to the priorities of the government. The genesis associated with this plan was taken from an announcement in June 2018 by the prime minister, about the implementation of a new funding package for the NHS, which includes an additional £20.5bn annually by 2023. This would in real-terms amount to an increase of 3.4% every year, which is significantly more than what was seen in annual funding-growth over the last few years. In return, Theresa May called on the NHS leaders to show how they planned to use this money as well as where savings could be made possible, which is why a long-term plan became necessary. The expectations were extremely high, with the health lobbyists sending in long shopping lists. Simon Stevens the chief executive of the NHS in England, along with his team of managers narrowed down their priorities. They were informed by the ministers to have these priorities ready to implement in the early part of December. This was followed by summits, and then the confidence vote, along with debating over Brexit backstops, whereby the NHS plan returned to the “pending” tray. This plan was not yet signed off fully before Christmas. Stories started to emerge about last-minute tensions between the NHS along with other parts of the Whitehall. The Six Questions Brexit Poses For The NHS NHS Tracker: How Do Your Local Services Perform? The leaders of the NHS know that a funding increase of 3.4% every year, which might be slightly higher than the last few years, happen to be somewhat in line with long-run averages over the last few decades. They also suspect that an increase in patient demand is going to contribute to a large portion of this money every year, which leaves very little left over for any new initiatives. Emergency admissions to the different hospitals across England were up by 6% for the year ending in November 2018. Yet the ministers wanted a few new projects that they could showcase, and it is understood that the latest plan contains commitments that are new for cancer care along with treating heart diseases. On their part, the NHS leaders are eager to highlight the local schemes whereby health services are closely working with the social-care providers, which is called integrated care. This has given way to a pledge in order to extend this model across England. Emergency admissions have increased. This plan is viewed as one of the potential big moments for community and GP care with commitments to services offered out-of-hospital, yet most of this is relying on the precise allocation of these funds. Downing Street and the Treasury have requested detailed plans on the milestones which will be achieved every year in order for them to grant funding increases. The NHS leaders show reluctance to being held accountable to these firm pledges, in association with the future demands of patients which is very difficult to predict. The sources from Whitehall have denied the possibility of disagreements. Instead, they have said that Downing Street is eager to finalize the details since most of their attention has been on different matters over November and the most part of December. There are a few major decisions that need to be concluded in 2019 about the way social care and the NHS will cope with caring needs of the sicker and older patients. An increase in care out-of-hospitals is the goal everyone is hoping for, yet finding the funds to match up to the needs of patients continues to get harder, which has left devolved administrations and the health and political leaders at Westminster with many things to contemplate on for the upcoming year.
Due to the countless data-driven applications controllable over the internet, SQL injection vulnerabilities are on the rise, as more and more cyber criminals try to take advantage of them. The UKFast Threat Monitoring service found around 30,000 SQL injection attacks on the servers of their clients. Such cyber-attacks affect millions of businesses and individuals per day. How can you protect your server from such attacks, knowing that any data-driven application that relies on an SQL database is a potential target? What Are SQL Injection Attacks? SQL injection attacks insert malicious SQL statements into input fields of databases, triggering the application to execute the malicious code. Such attacks use improper coding of web applications that makes them vulnerable to cyber-threats. Success occurs whenever the entry fields that accept user input allow such SQL statements to pass through and to query the database with no further ado. The most common purpose of SQL injection attacks is to steal personally identifiable information. This type of attack can have extremely severe consequences. Here are a few of them: - Stealing of PII or sensitive information, potentially triggering severe GDPR penalties and fines - Extracting of user names and passwords sets that can be used for subsequent attacks - Corruption or even deletion of the database, with the consequence of breaking your website - Using the corrupted database to initiate attacks on other systems on your network Under the circumstances of such severe threats and consequences, what can you do to protect your network from SQL injection attacks? 1. Utilise Parameterised Database Queries And Statements The best method to prevent SQL attacks is to use parameterised statements, as they are dynamic and they much faster to execute. Always write only parametrised database queries and use them with great care. This is your guarantee that all statements into your database are safe. As the parameters and the string pass separately, the SQL database driver is able to interpret them the right way, therefore protecting your code from malicious attacks. 2. Use A WAF A WAF consists from a large number of rulesets covering a wide array of application-layer attacks such as SQL injection. This layer of protection will keep your database safe even in the event of flawed code that may permit SQL injection attacks. 3. Use Specialised Vulnerability Scans Hackers are constantly trying to find flawed code to attack databases ans applications over the internet. Since they use automation tools, they are extremely prolific in their work, thus enjoying higher success rates and more efficient actions. By periodically scanning for SQL injection vulnerabilities, you'll be able to detect all flaws and to fix them before they endanger the safety of your network. 4. Object Relational Mapping (ORM) Frameworks There are many programming languages you can use to write your ORM framework. This type of structure has the aim to protect your SQL database by virtually wrapping around it. While an ORM framework won't make your database immune to SQL injection attacks, it will allow you to write SQL queries in a language you master. This will simplify your work and will prevent lots of coding errors that may open the gate to malicious attacks. Such frameworks come with lots of prebuilt features that contribute to enhancing the security of your database. SQLAlchemy, which is a Puthon-dedicated toolkit, is a very good example of such features. 5. Use The Least Privilege Principle By utilising the least privilege principle, you can stop anb attack that tries to access other parts of your network. Always use the least privilege principle when allowing accounts to connect to your database. 6. Password Hashing Password hashing can effectively prevent SQL injection attacks by making all your stored passwords impossible to read. Displaying or storing unencrypted passwords is one of the major security flaws that exist. All applications should use only hashed passwords, preferably salted, as well. This is how you can decrease the risk of becoming an easy target.
Given how many current applications are data-driven and easily accessed online, SQL injection vulnerabilities are now very commonly exploited with ease by the criminal element. In just the first three months of 2019, the UKFast Threat Monitoring service recorded almost 30,000 different SQL injections attempts on client servers. When you look at it in terms of the global scale, this kind of cyber-attack is one that impacts millions of different organisations on a daily basis. All data-driven applications that utilise an SQL database happen to be possible targets. As such, what steps can you take to protect yourself? What exactly are SQL injection attacks? Hackers come up with a deliberately malicious SQL statement to put into the input fields of an SQL database where they get executed. When this happens, the application will actually perform whatever action is written in that malicious coding. This kind of attack happens because of vulnerable online applications that are improperly coded. Such flaws happen because the entry fields which are left available for inputs from users suddenly let SQL statements slip through for direct database query. Personally identifiable information is also known as PII, and stealing this data is often the reason for such an attack. These SQL injection attacks have a number of potentially negative consequences. They include but are not limited to the following: -Extraction of PII or other sensitive information, which can cause a data breach that might incur significant finds and/or reputation damage via the GDPR -Listing out authentication information like passwords and log-ins, which might be utilised in future attacks -Database corruption or deletion that renders a website nonfunctional -Attacks on other network systems via the compromised database Given that so much is at stake, is there anything you can do to prevent SQL injection attacks from crippling your applications and website? Yes, so keep reading to learn what a few of them are: 1) Parameterised Statements: Parameterised statements by nature are dynamic. This permits faster executions, and they are the top method for preventing SQL injection attacks. Use parameterised database queries alongside typed and bound parameters. Also, be careful about the use of any parameterised procedures that are stored within the database. This makes sure that any statements that get input into your organisation's SQL database stay safe. The parameters and string will get passed separately to the database, which lets the database driver interpret them correctly, meaning your code won't be susceptible to an attack. 2) Use A WAF: Any WAF will have thousands of different rulesets covering a number of frequent application-layer attacks, and SQL injection is one of them. When using WAF as a primary layer of defence, your online apps are going to enjoy effective protection from attempts at SQL injection, even when your code might still have a few weak links. 3) Scan Everything For Potential Vulnerabilities: Hackers are always trying to probe websites online for coding flaws. Tools which automate and exploit the discovery of any SQL injection flaws mean a faster return on their investment for cybercriminals, since their odds of success are greater. Specialised vulnerability scans that focus on SQL injections can help you find SQL injection flaws and any online vulnerabilities that relate tot hem. 4) Object Relational Mapping Frameworks: An ORM framework can get written in several different programming languages. It's also designed to be a virtual wrap or covering over your SQL database. This framework alone isn't going to give you immunity from SQL injections, but it will let you construct SQL queries in languages that you are personally familiar and fluent with. This simplifies the process, leaving far less room for exploitable code errors. It has a range of prebuilt features that you can use to bolster your security. Parameterised statements are standard, and you can use SQLAlchemy which is a python toolkit. 5) The Principle Of Least Privilege: If your database winds up getting compromised, if you employ the principle of least privilege, it at least keeps an attacker from having access to any other parts of your network. Use this principle when you provision any accounts that are going to connect with the SQL database. 6) Password Hashing: If you do happen to have an SQL injection attack, then password hashing is going to be essential to minimising any damage, since every password is going to be rendered unreadable. If your organisation stores unencrypted passwords at all, then that is a huge security flaw by itself. Applications need to store user passwords like robust and one-way hashes, ideally salted. This will minimise the risk of any malicious users coming and impersonating users or stealing their credentials.
Search engine optimisation tactics typically take a bit of time to start working, yet there are a number of easy and fast ways to get more people onto your website. In this post, I will be sharing these ideas with you. Before doing anything, your site must be created and designed in the correct format. When it comes to this I am talking about: Is Your Website Mobile-Friendly? According to statistics, the amount of mobile phones across the world is even more than people that own toothbrushes. This is pretty astounding. According to the Ofcom report in 2018, 73% of UK-based mobile-phone users use their phones to gain access to the Intenet for over 3 hours every day. It makes sense why Smartphones are called “digital companions”. In this same Ofcom report, it was discovered that 27% of activities on mobile phones included browsing, while 24% included online shopping. So this is excellent for the websites that are mobile responsive. You can test this responsiveness by visiting your website from your own Smartphone. There are problems present when: • The site loads slowly • The text is difficult to read (too small) • It is not easy to navigate the site • You are currently using Flash There is a tool from Google that is very useful when it comes to checking your website. Now we will discuss a few marketing methods that you can use. Your main goal to keep in mind is that any activities you undertake should be focused on driving potential customers and clients to your site so that they can find more information on how your business can assist them. 1. Have you used Google My Business to its fullest potential? This might sound obvious, but your website has to be located where potential customers will be looking for your products and services. There is a marketing rhyme that is old that states “ If you want to sell what Bill Smith buys you must look at the world through Bill Smith’s eyes”. Today, where would “Bill Smith” be looking? Well, online of course. And the businesses that with attract Bill Smith’s attention will be the ones located on the first page of a search engine. One of the best ways to make sure your business features on the first page of a search engine would be to make sure your business is listed with Google My Business. One of the articles recently published by Social Media Today stated that 4 out of 5 customers use the search engines to obtain local information. 70% of customers will buy something or visit the store after they have conducted an Internet search. 85% of online users trust the online reviews as equally as they would a personal recommendation. It is very simple to sign up with Google My Business, all that is needed is to sign-into this area of Google, and then follow the step-by-step instructions to create your profile, which will also include descriptions about your services, products, and your business. You should also include the address of the website and any special attributes. 2. Are you using social media platforms that you prefer or the ones where your customers or clients are? Marketing on social media has been called “networking on speed”, giving you the opportunity to reach far-and-wide with efficiency. Yet you could be wasting a lot of your valuable time if you are using the incorrect platforms in order to reach a targeted audience. You need to conduct your own research when it comes to sector and demographics. In general, Facebook is the best for B2C (business to consumer) and B2W (business to women). However, Facebook makes it a challenging task for companies to reach potential customers organically unless they are advertising. LinkedIn is a better option for B2B (business to business). Twitter is a great option for both B2B and B2C, yet will require a significant amount of posts. If you sell items at a low cost, this platform could end up costing you a lot more when it comes to your hourly rates in comparison to what you are able to generate. Instagram works for B2B and B2C, yet the overall demographic is younger which mainly includes people between the ages of 15 and 35. It is also an easier site to populate if you are involved in visual sectors. Keep in mind that even though your trading hours might be from 9 am to 5 pm, your potential customers and clients are surfing the web throughout the day and night. So once again, make sure you post to match up to your targeted audiences and not your business hours and make sure you always include an easy to locate link that directs to your website with every post.
There is one thing many real estate agents tend to focus less on though it can be great when selling a property, floor plans. Floor plans can help a listing stand out from the rest. They can end up generating more inquiries and converting them into viewings. Buyers love floor plans, and this is why it can help you sell a property faster. There was a survey done that showed 80% of property sellers thought floor plans as being very useful or essential when selling. 88% of them agree when buying a property. It is not a must to have a floor when selling a property, but the same can be said about property descriptions and photos. How many listings have you seen that don’t have descriptions and photos? Floor plans are going to grab the attention of buyers and will make the decision-making process of the buyer a little easier. Floor plans are just as important as having quality photos. Below are three reasons why this is the case: 1. A buyer will be able to visualize the property better with floor plans and photos There is a research by Rightmove suggesting that there is over one-third of buyers who don’t inquire about a given property if they don’t see a floor plan. One fifth will ignore the listing. Floor plans are important because they get to show a buyer details that they can’t get from reading the description or looking at photos, some of the details are measurements, windows, and storage space. Floor plans will help you display unique features such as extension and knock-throughs, which are great selling features. Quality photos are important because they showcase the property in a good light. Buyers tend to like wide-angle shots, but there are times when they can mislead when it comes to portraying space accurately. Some buyers get disappointed when they get to a property then realize it isn’t like the ones in the photos. Floor plans can help in avoiding such situations because buyers will have a better understanding of the property before they go see it in person. Prospective buyers will use photos and floor plans to get a good understanding of the space and layout of the house. They will have the ability to see how the different rooms in the property connect, and a good understanding of space throughout the house. This means they will not be surprised when they get there. Estate agents are usually in the hands of the occupiers when it comes to property photos and viewing. Rooms that are cluttered and untidy tend to look smaller. A floor plan gives you the chance to show the actual size and potential of the different rooms. The survey by Rightmove shows buyers are interested in floor plans that show the layout of the rooms, and how the rooms fit with the rest of the property. The most important thing in a floor plan for many buyers is dimensions. A good floor plans will have measurements, door and window placements, which helps because the buyer can start imagining how to use the space and where the furniture is going to go. They can start to think about decorations, and how they can change the building to meet their needs. When a buyer has started to think about the move, there is an emotional attachment that starts to develop, and this can trigger the decision to buy the property. 2. Floor plans can help in making the property memorable Letting the buyer visualize a given property during or even before viewing is one thing, but the important thing is doing it when they are gone. You might notice the buyers interested when viewing the property, but they later hit you up with “which house are you talking about?” when you follow up. This is not a good sign. Many prospective buyers will look at many different properties, and the features of the different houses can easily get mixed up because they are seeing many of them. If you have a floor plan in the listing, it will help you stand out and the property will stick to their minds. Having a visual of the property layout will make it easier for prospective buyers to remember. 3. You look more professional with a floor plan You should be using floor plans, especially if your competition is doing it. If your competitors are not using floor plans, you have the chance of having a marketing advantage over them. With a professional floor plan, you can manage to put your listing at the top. It will also have a positive effect on your brand. It will send out a message to sellers that you invest in the current trends and willing to put in the effort.